Victorian Architecture – Where Culture Meet Elegance

The term Victorian architecture refers to a number of styles of architecture, which was primarily used during the Victorian period. These architectural styles were quite popular during the period of mid 1837 to the beginning of 1901. This period marked the rule of Queen Victoria and was named after her.

The Victorian era of architecture, was marked by a number of styles, such as Renaissance Revival, Neo-Grec, British Arts and Crafts movement, Italianate, Gothic Revival, Jacobethan, Neoclassicism, Industrial architecture, Painted ladies, Queen Anne, Stick-Eastlake, Romanesque Revival, as well as Second Empire.

There have also been Folk as well as Shingle Style Victorian Houses. As it is, the names of the architectural styles, apart from their adaptations had varied between the countries. Several homes merged the elements of various styles and therefore are not easily discernible as one particular style. In the United States, highly decorated houses have often been addressed to as gingerbread houses.

Some of the most prominent Victorian era cities include Richmond, London, Toronto, Boston, St. Louis, Louisville, Saint Paul, Galena, Nelson, Sydney, Melbourne, IL, Galveston, Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco, Glasgow, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pittsburgh, Manchester, Philadelphia, Grand Rapids, as well as New Orleans.

In the United States, the South End of the city of Boston has been recognized as the oldest, as well as the largest Victorian neighborhood of the country. Old Louisville in Kentucky is also believed to be one of the largest Victorian neighborhood of America.

Apart from that, Richmond, Virginia is also home to a number of large Victorian neighborhoods, with the Fan and Church Hill, being the most prominent. Church Hill enjoys the distinction of being a place where Patrick Henry had given his famous speech at the historic Saint John’s church.

The Distillery District of Toronto is home to the largest as well as the best preserved collection of industrial architecture of the Victorian-era in North America. Apart from that, Cabbage town has been the largest as well as the most continuous Victorian style residential area of North America. The other Victorian neighborhoods of Toronto include Annex, Corktown, Park dale, as well as Rosedale.

The Old West End neighborhood in Toledo, Ohio has been recognized as the one having the biggest collection of the late Victorian as well as Edwardian architectural homes of the United States. Carroll Avenue of Los Angeles contains the city’s highest concentration of homes of Victorian style.

There is something really fascinating about the Victorian era and almost everything related to this period, continues to fascinate us to this date, especially Victorian architecture.

Meenakshi Temple Madurai The Best Of Dravidian Architecture

Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu. This is among the most famous temples of India which is known throughout the world for its outstanding and impressive architectural beauty. In Hindu religion temple is the place which is reserved for spiritual and religious activities that include prayers and analogous rites.
Sri Meenakshi temple of Madurai is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Meenakshi (Parvati). Goddess Meenakshi is an incarnation of the Goddess Parvati who is worshiped mainly by South Indians. The utmost architectural wonder of this templeis a testimony to the affluent Dravidian Culture. Some of the prominent features of this colossal temple are:

Temple Architecture:
This temple was built by Kulasekara Pandyan around 2000 years ago. The colossal structure of this temple is among the finest preserved monuments of the Dravidian style of temple architecture. Architectural and sculptural magnificence is the aspect of this temple which makes it popular throughout the world. The temple premise is surrounded by elevated wall which is adorned with various paintings and sculptures. The main deities of this temple are Lord Sundareswarar and Goddess Meenakshi, whose sanctums are encircled by number of smaller shrines and majestic pillared halls. Among the several magnificent structures the most striking ones are the 12 gopurams which are known for their bright colors painting and decoration of stucco figures of deities, animals, monsters, demigods, and celestial nymph.

Ashta Shakthi Mandapam:
This is located at the eastern entrance of the temple which is known for its 1,008 lamp holders. During festive occasions these lamps are lighted which gives spectacular sight to this place. Pillars of this structure are known for their carvings which depict the stories related to Meenakshi’s birth and LordShiva’s Thiruvilayadals (miracles). These pillars are carved on various mythological themes which mesmerizes visitors.

Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam:
It is situated adjacent to the Astha Shakthi Mandapam which is known for its 110 pillars. These pillars are famous for their beautiful carvings based on various religious and non-religious themes. A figure of animal with a lions body and an elephants head called Yalli is extremely beautiful.

Porthamarai Kulam (Golden Lotus Tank): >
This is the sacred lake situated inside the temple premises, in which devotees take bath. According to the Indian mythology it is believed that Indra bathed in this tank to wash away his sin, and then worshiped Lord Shiva with golden lotus flowers from the tank. It is surrounded by the corridor which is known for its beautiful sculptures based on various religious themes. The pillars on the northern side of this corridor are decorated with 24 poets of the Third Tamil Sangam.

Some of the other well known attractions of grand Dravidian style edifice are Oonjal Mandapam, Swami Sundareswarar Shrine, Kalyana Mandapam, Aayiram Kaal Mandapam or Thousand Pillar Hall and many more.

Architecture Of Yesteryears

Shingle style architecture is an innovative form of Queen Anne and it was originated in America during the last two decades of 19th century.This name was given by Vincent Scully, a historian of building architecture.Among the various structures in America that are constructed in this style, The Hotel del Coronado in San Diego is considered as the biggest.The houses that are built in this style are horizontal structures built up on a stone laid foundation.The asymmetrical designs and irregular construction make the building process highly complicated and as a result the cost of construction was far beyond the affordable range for common people.Thus it was considered as a luxury homes design. The roofs are more complex in this type of architecture. Many of such houses have gabled roofs with a tower in the front. A few houses have roofs that are hipped. In the gambrel form of roofs, the third storey of the building will be hidden in the roof so that the building will appear as a two storeyed building. The roof shingles and wall shingles will be in different colors. Most of the houses have towers and if a building is without tower, a part of its wall will be bulged out.

This type of architecture has the provision for more numbers of big and small windows. The windows are mostly double-hung with a single sash below and multiple sashes above. For huge walls, the windows will be in 2, 3 or more rows and there are various designs for the windows. In the most complex designs, large windows are kept in bays with 1, 2 or 3 stories. The more stylish windows will be in square, rectangular or circular shapes.Entrance with spacious porch is characteristic of this architecture.People used to relax in the porches which are supported by balusters, columns or stone supports.

The modern houses that are built in Shingle style architecture offer a host of distinctive features including natural surroundings, energy efficiency and healthy indoor atmosphere. These houses demonstrate how wood, stone and sunlight can be utilized to provide a healthy shelter.There are many holiday homes that are built in this style of architecture. Many wealthy people have constructed this type of homes at famous resorts and also at sea-side plots. Natural colors, exterior covered by wooden shingles and an asymmetric structure are the basic features of this architectural form. The other common features are big porches, irregular roofs, towers, verandas, asymmetric floors, chimneys, huge staircases and fireplaces etc.

Are you looking for Shingle style architects and luxury vacation homes, vanbrouck is the best choice. It is highly recommended from both a design and value standpoint when we were looking to home designs and build our dream home. For more information about Shingle style architecture please visit us.

World Architecture Festival 2013 – a report

By Team IAnD Photography: Courtesy WAF’13

October 2 -4 2013 saw three busy days of ideation, discussion and critiques on global architecture and design at the World Architecture Festival held at Moshe Safdie designed Marina Bay Sands, Singapore – a venue as awe inspiring as the projects that unfolded within its festive panorama-

The World Architecture Festival opened to enormous numbers (reportedly the biggest yet) with the theme of 2013 bring -Value and values’, -to examine the relationship between perceptions of financial value and the values that architects typically hold about their work.-

Director of WAF’13, Paul Finch commenting on the sheer quality and diversity of the projects entered into the festival, and shortlisted for the final round of awards, said that the array of projects demonstrated the increasingly global nature of the event.

Among various stalwarts from various quarters of the world, Mumbai’s Ar. Sanjay Puri’s corporate project in Jaipur -72 Screens’, was also shortlisted for the awards.

A vibrant, thought-provoking three-day session of presentations of various projects by the architects, seminars and talks on diverse issues that touch and plague the building industry were discussed and debated. Noted international speakers, project critiques and appreciations apart, everyone waited with baited breath as the ultimate honour – the winner of the World Building of the Year 2013 award was announced and granted to the Aukland Art Gallery Toi o Tamaki in New Zealand by Frances-Jones Morehen Thorp and Archimedia.

The four main award winners including World Building of the Year Award were Botanical Garden Australia designed by landscape studio Taylor Cullity Lethlean and plant expert Paul Thompson for Landscape of the Year; National Maritime Museum of China designed by Cox Rayner Architects for Future Project of the Year; and Barcelona Apartment by David Kohn Architects for World Interior of the Year.

As part of INSIDE: World Festival of Interiors, an event held in conjunction with the WAF’13 with a concentration on interior projects, shortlisted 59 outstanding interior projects across the 12 award categories, Bars and Restaurants, Creative Re-use, Culture, Display, Education, Health, Hotels, Offices, Residential, Shopping Centres, Shops, and Transport. For the complete list of awardees, do check out:

to view images click on globalhop.indiaartndesign.com

An Initial Introduction To Interior Architecture

Interior architecture can be seen as different from architecture in that the interior rooms, halls, doorways + stairs can be re designed once the initial design for the architecture of the building as a whole is in place. Interior architecture can be used to completely re design, for example a room such as a kitchen, bathroom in a family home which is quite common or a meeting room or office layout in a business environment or modify the existing design based on original architecture.

The interior architecture of a building can be changed for many reasons, either practical, where the interior of a building is going to be used for a new purpose or due to changing fashions or updated technologies. Examples of this are very common in many towns and cities where the exterior of a building is in a style of when it was built, say in the late 19th century but it’s interior has been completely re vamped incorporating modern design fashions and the latest technology.

The use of interior architecture means that for many buildings over a hundred years old the development of the look and design of their interior and exterior could often be the work of many different architects or teams of architects. This has meant for many of our towns and cities the architecture on view can be widely varied and reflect many different periods of time, design fashions and architecture styles. Some of which can be seen as timeless whilst others from certain eras can be seen as garish and bad taste 20 – 30 years down the line.

However no matter what a buildings exterior may look like with the help of interior architects, refurbishment and fit out specialists the interior look and feel of many buildings can be totally transformed with enough time and money bringing them up to date, that is until the latest style, fashion and technologies need integrating a few years down the line.

The main thing to differentiate architecture + interior architecture is that an architect is concerned with the concept of designing a new building the interior architect is concerned with the modification of existing buildings, some of which the design can be seen as timeless and look good for centuries whilst other will be an eye saw and look dated within 10 – 30 years.

This is quite a large and interesting topic, for further reading would advise looking at books + articles, online, in bookshops, news agents or in libraries on architecture, design + interior design.
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Enterprise architecture helps enhance the business strategies

IT industry is the leading sector in the commercial business world. It has many streams to develop the business and to leave the footprints across the globe. They are IT services, hardware implementation, software development, marketing and many more. Software development is the major stream to gain popularity with new innovative technologies and applications. There are numerous platforms and programming languages to develop several software programs and applications to enhance the business. They are Java, HTML, XML, C++, embedded C, Dotnet, visual basics, Siebel, primavera, oracle, SQL and many more. All these platforms are used to design, code and develop multiple applications both for web and desktop purpose.

These days, many organizations are looking for the new innovations to enhance the businesses. Enterprise architecture is the one, which can help organizations enhance the efficiency and flexibility. It helps the business to identify the marketing strategies in several ways to increase the competency and performance. This stream has the ability to translate these marketing insights and needs to common business language of IT strategy to maintain the relationship with the business line executives. It can solve several issues in business to understand the multiple products, platforms, strength and weakness. Generally, it is defined as the process of translating the business strategies into an effective way of enterprise.

These days, many organizations are offering enterprise architecture jobs to enhance their marketing ideas to give an outstanding performance. People, who enter into this field, are designated as enterprise architects. They can assist the organizations to accomplish the business values and to drive the smarter initiatives to improve the performance. Creation, improvement and communication is the key requirement for this architecture that is varied by the principles. It has improved the models with different specifications to describe the evolution. It has a good scope in the IT world with many processes and enterprises to get the benefits.

It has several frameworks such as IAF, EAF, DoDAF and TOGAF. These frameworks are also used to improve the flexibility and growth in the industry. It is the major applications to develop the communication among all kinds of business units to get more industrial needs. In today’s innovative world, many IT companies have implemented this stream to maintain the growth and unit relationship. It is important to manage the several requirements and units in the industry. For that, you have to develop the communication to avoid many hassles. Hence, enterprise architecture is the one to maintain these communication and relationship and improve the performance.

Get more information on: Enterprise Architecture Jobs & IT Service Desk Jobs

Overview Of Ibm Service Oriented Architecture (soa) Fundamentals Certification

The increasing need for SOA can be complex for companies looking to use experienced IT professionals with SOA capabilities. Several contemporary IT workers do not have experience with the engineering that are the foundation for an SOA. This capabilities gap can slowly down and delay deployments among all but the most forward companies. Quickly creating capabilities is a need to keep rate with the opponents.

IBM WebSphere Details allows you get going easily via IBMs Web-based exercising series. Taken as a whole, the series provides a company foundation for recognizing, evaluating, and indicating your company’s SOA needs.

Test 000-669 – Exam Info
The exam includes six areas containing a complete of roughly 54 multiple-choice concerns. The rates after each area name indicate the estimated submission of the complete query set across the areas.

Area 1 – The Value of SOA (15%)
A.Identify company functions where SOA can enhance competition and efficiency.
B.Identify how SOA can offer revenue (ROI) (improve competition, website, improve responsiveness.)

C.Identify the SOA functions that make companies more nimble.
D.Identify the chance expenses of not implementing SOA.
E.Identify circumstances where SOA does not offer the preferred value or is not appropriate.
F.Identify the company individuals for SOA.

Area 2 – SOA Principles (26%)
A.Define the idea of assistance in SOA.
B.Describe the structural concepts used in SOA (for example: decrease combining and separating of issues.)

C.Describe the tasks that XML performs in SOA.
D.Describe the aspect of an assistance computer pc personal computer system operating system and/or database in SOA.

Area 3 – Primary SOA Structure (20%)
A.Describe you will of a simple SOA architecture.
B.Describe the components of the IBM SOA Referrals Structure, and their tasks and connections.

C.Describe the business assistance bus (ESB) and its aspect in SOA.
Area 4 – SOA Control (19%)
A.Explain the need for SOA government.

B.Describe SOA government and relevant concepts (roles and obligations, financing designs, guidelines, administration, crucial achievements aspects, and analytics.)

C.Describe Excellent of Service (QoS) problems relevant to SOA.
D.Explain the need for an allocated protection design (including problems like recognize provisioning and reproduction.)

E.Identify the effect of changes to solutions in the SOA lifecycle (change management, versioning, and assistance lifecycle.)
Area 5 – Preparing for SOA (20%)
A.Describe the components of SOA government that need to be resolved during the look for SOA.

B.Understand the value of saving company problems, individuals and goals when preparing for SOA.
C.Capture and assess IT problems, individuals, and goals (including analytics and KPIs.)

D.Describe the individuals, business, and technological innovation aspects that effect preparedness for SOA and its achievements.
To get prepared for Examination 000-669, it is first recommended that you are familiar with the job aspect information and the aspects this credentials is according to, as well as have knowing of the topics described in examine objectives/skills determined on exam.

Evaluate your own specialized stage to examine goals and the recommended exercising resources, and then determine for yourself how much planning you require

Drafting And Architecture Training

Are you seeking drafting and architecture training? If so, you must understand that in order to become a legal, practicing architect in the United States, you are required to follow a specific educational path, and be licensed.

To attain a professional license, future architects must first attain professional drafting and architecture training from a qualified school. Upon successful graduation, candidates are required to participate in an internship to continue their drafting and architecture training. After that, the student may go on to taking the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) and must receive passing scores on all divisions.

If you are wondering what drafting and architecture training really consists of, the coursework will generally include related subjects such as architectural history, theory, building design, construction techniques, liberal arts, math, physical sciences, professional practice, arts and design, and computer aided drafting (CAD).

If you are serious about a career in drafting and architecture, then a vocational school or community college is a good place to gain your footing. Most employers are seeking experienced and well-educated candidates, so it is important to obtain a solid background in academics and technologies suited for the dual career. Drafting and architecture training that can be transferred to a 4-year college can be used as a stepping stone to a Bachelor Degree in Architecture and Drafting. Some vocational schools offer comprehensive technical training that will lead to a certificate or diploma of completion; others may offer an Associate Degree.

Aspiring professionals who have completed their vocational drafting and architecture training, and have successfully met all requirements of licensure, may earn anywhere from $25,000 to nearly $100,000 per year, depending on combined education and experience.

If you would like to learn more about Drafting and Architecture Training and Drafting and Architecture Schools, or even Online Drafting and Architecture Schools, you can find more in-depth information and resources on our website.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERAL OVERVIEW and may or may not reflect specific practices, courses and/or services associated with ANY ONE particular school(s) that is or is not advertised on our website.

Copyright 2007 – All rights reserved by Media Positive Communications, Inc.

Notice: Publishers are free to use this article on an ezine or website, provided the article is reprinted in its entirety, including copyright and disclaimer, and ALL links remain intact and active.

Implement SaaS architecture to improve organizational storage space

These days, organizations are growing rapidly with outstanding performance and productivity. Data is also increasing along with this business improvement. This data includes; finance details, human resource details, requirement and project details and many more. Applications, hardware resources, software programs, operating systems and many more are also considered important information. It is important for every organization to store and maintain this crucial data for longer years. Data storage is the main problem for all IT organizations, as it takes much storage space to save and maintain the data in a device. Usually, servers are used as the main storage devices to maintain the information for future references. But, these servers have the limited capacity and cannot afford large amount of information. Due to this, IT organizations have developed several technologies and applications to enhance the storage efficiency in business enterprises. Cloud technology is one, which provides computing service through internet. Cloud computing is the latest service provided for all industries to enhance their business performance with various services like infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS) and software as a service (SaaS). All these services can help the organizations to get several business solutions. SaaS architecture is the one that provides storage services for the enterprises. It is defined as a deployed software as a service program with a business IT structure and set up. In this architecture service, SaaS also described as storage as a service as it helps the organizations in maintain the important information for further references. Inefficient software programs linking can lead to less efficiency of growth and greater loss of cost; hence, SaaS architecture is important for many business industries. It can provide best profits with great customer service and remote access for various applications and tools to enhancing the business more effectively. It can save the operational costs by reducing the other physical resources as it can save the data in their internet databases. It is more effective to perform IT operations and specialized services to help the enterprises in several aspects to increase the profit margins. It also enables web services to provide various solutions through online using network connections. SaaS is cost effective solution as it is provided by the third party vendors or it can also be paid according to the usage. Hence, most of the small organizations are planning to implement these architectures to enhance their business performances and productivity.

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For more information on SaaS architecture

Enterprise Software Architecture – Improving Business of an Organization

Enterprise Architecture or Enterprise Software Architecture is the organizing logic that is used for business processes and software development service. It reflects the integration and standardizing needs of any organization’s operating representation.

Enterprise architects implement several methods and tools to get an idea of structure of an organization. To accomplish this task they produce several documents and models. These models and documents are called -artifacts.’ Artifacts are used to illustrate logical organization of business strategies, metrics and capabilities of business, information resource and networking infrastructure within the organization. A complete set of such artifacts are enough to illustrate the -enterprise’ architectural description of any organization, including software development companies.

The framework of enterprise architecture is an assortment of tools and processing models and assistance applied by architects in production of organization based architectural descriptions.

The main motive of architectural description of an organization is to enhance the efficiency of the business. Hence, it includes an array of tasks. While describing the architecture of an enterprise, architects pay attention to innovative structuring of the enterprise, centralized or federal business processing, quality offering before deadline and a justified expense on information technology. Information availed by architectural description can be used in various ways but its main purpose is to bring an improvement in the business functioning. In the present scenario, it is widely used by numerous companies to improve their business architectures, its performance and productivity.

Currently, Enterprise Software Architecture has become the key component of information technology control in almost every organization. Such companies have used a basic process of enterprise architecture as an important part of their information technology management strategy. The team of enterprise architects stands for different functions such as several aspects of performance engineering, IT portfolio management, management of metadata as well as improvement on custom software development services.